A Century Of Service

The four types of adoption

On Behalf of | Jan 2, 2024 | Adoption

The Indiana Department of Child Services reported 1,914 adoptions in the state in 2022 through its services. However, there are a few different ways to adopt.

Each type of adoption has its unique characteristics and considerations, and it is important to understand their differences.

Independent adoption

Independent adoption involves a direct arrangement between birth parents and adoptive parents, without the involvement of an adoption agency. In this scenario, both parties often work with an adoption attorney or facilitator to navigate legal processes. It offers flexibility and direct communication between birth and adoptive parents.

International adoption

International adoption involves adopting a child from a foreign country. This type of adoption requires adherence to both U.S. adoption laws and the regulations of the child’s country of origin. This requirement can make it a more complex way to adopt.

Private agency adoption

Private agency adoption involves working with a private adoption agency to facilitate the process. These agencies often provide comprehensive services, including matching birth parents with adoptive parents, conducting home studies and guiding both parties through legal proceedings. Private agency adoption offers support and guidance throughout the entire process, helping streamline the often intricate adoption journey.

Public agency adoption

Public agency adoption or foster care adoption involves adopting a child from the state’s child welfare system. In most cases, the state has removed these children from their homes due to abuse, neglect or other safety concerns. Children may also be orphans who have no family to take care of them. The adoption process involves undergoing home studies and meeting specific requirements set by the state.

Choosing the right type of adoption depends on individual circumstances, preferences and the willingness to navigate the complexities involved. Each path has its challenges, but with careful consideration and preparation, individuals or couples can find the right fit for welcoming a child into their loving home.